CAFRAD was created in the mid sixties, at the time of independences. At that time, among the major concerns of Africa were the integration and unity of the continent, economic development and the Africanization of executives and administration. To meet the policy concerns of the continent, African leaders had established the Organization of African Unity (OAU) on May 25, 1963, which became the African Union since 2002. At the same time, to support the economic and social development efforts of the continent, these leaders created the African Development Bank (AfDB) on August 4, 1963. In order to strengthen human and institutional capacity of the continent, under the Africanization project, they established the African Training and Research Centre in Administration for Development (CAFRAD) in May 13, 1964.
- Historical background:
An examination of various CAFRAD official records, i.e. Draft Resolution No. 12C/DR/99 of 22 November 1962, presented to the 12th Session of UNESCO General Conference by Morocco, supported by Algeria, Cameroon, Gabon, Ghana, Mali, Egypt, Senegal, Sudan and Tunisia “establishing in Tangier an African training and research centre in administration for development”, “The headquarters agreement signed between UNESCO and the Government of Morocco” on 13 May 1964, which provided for funding from UNESCO until 1974, and the final version of “CAFRAD Establishment Convention” of 18 December 1967, clearly indicates that the missions assigned to CAFRAD are to train African executives, promote comparative research and exchange of experience and knowledge for the economic and social development of the continent.